The Bank of Uganda, at the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting of October 2020 has maintained the Central Bank Rate (CBR) at 7 per cent.
The high-frequency indicators for economic activity in the quarter to September 2020, point to a mild recovery of economic activity with estimated growth of 2 per cent from a sharp contraction of 6 per cent in the quarter to June 2020.
According to Emmanuel Tumusiime Mutebile, the Governor Bank of Uganda, simultaneous fiscal, monetary, and financial stimuli have been effective in avoiding the most negative economic consequences of the COVID-19 shock.
“The easing of the lockdown, the stability of the exchange rate, as well as a feeble improvement in both foreign and domestic demand are supporting economic growth recovery.
“However, economic growth is tepid, uneven, and still fragile and projected to contract in the range of 0.2 and 0.5 per cent in 2020,” said Mutebile in an emailed press statement.
He said barring a renewed worsening of the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, GDP growth momentum in 12 to 24 months ahead is likely to be modest against sluggish external demand, subdued consumer expenditure, the weak performance of the service sector, commercial banks’ cautious lending, and uncertain economic outlook.
“Indeed, economic growth in Financial Year (FY) 2020/21 is projected at 2.0-3.0 per cent and is expected to increase to 5.0-6.0 per cent in FY 2021/22 and to 6- 7 per cent in the outer years.
“The economic outlook is extremely uncertain, largely because of the unpredictable course of the virus and the wide range of shocks hitting the economy.
“The downside risks to the economic growth projection include the possibility of an increase in new infections and a longer period to get the virus under control.
“Moreover, Uganda remains highly vulnerable to periodic spouts of global financial volatility, stemming from continued global economic weakness and geopolitical tensions, and increasing protectionism,” said Mutebile.
In addition, Mutebile added that the flow of Private Sector Credit (PSC) could remain subdued due to commercial banks facing increasing Non-Performing Loans (NPLs), high lending interest rates in the face of weak economic activity, and increase in domestic financing of the fiscal deficit.
“On the upside, economic growth could recover swiftly than currently projected if the threat from COVID-19 fades more quickly than currently envisaged and global economic growth strengthens.
“Such a scenario could lead to greater business and consumer confidence, which factors would likely lead to a stronger domestic economic growth,” he said.
Whereas annual headline inflation eased to 4.5 per cent in September 2020 from 4.6 per cent in August 2020, annual core inflation edged up to 6.2 per cent from 5.9 per cent in same period. The overall risks to the inflation outlook appear to be on the upside in the near term (12 months ahead).
The annual core inflation will remain above 5 per cent target in the near term but is projected to gradually converge to 5 per cent in 2022. While there are no demand-side pressures evident, cost-push pressures emanating from higher taxes on imported consumer and intermediate products and social distancing measures could cause inflation to edge up further in coming months.
In addition, Mutebile said price pressures could increase, due to the further easing of lockdown measures as households increase spending on items that they had been forced to defer, e.g. expenditure on school fees.
“These pressures could also increase due to higher production costs from persistent supply disruptions. Offsetting such forces are those that will weigh on demand.
“These include a persistent increase in consumers’ precautionary saving prompted by the higher perceived risk of joblessness and COVID-19 infection, fewer transfers from abroad and restrained credit extension by banks,” stressed Mutebile.
He added that oil prices remain low and local food price inflation is expected to remain contained.
“Despite a higher than target core inflation outcome since June 2020, the MPC notes that the slowing down of the economy and gradual recovery will bring back inflation to around target 12-24 months ahead.
“Inflation is expected to be well contained over the medium-term, on the premise that both global and domestic risks do not materialize. Against this backdrop, the MPC decided to keep the CBR rate unchanged at 7 per cent and maintain liquidity support to supervised financial institutions.
“The band on the CBR has also been maintained at +/-2 percentage points, while the margin on the rediscount rate and the bank rate is unchanged at 3 and 4 percentage points on the CBR, respectively.
“Consequently, the rediscount rate and the bank rate have been maintained at 10 per cent and 11 per cent, respectively,” he concluded.