News 

Monday, February 03, 2014 

Jobs for Youth Vital for Economic Progress, WB Report

KAMPALA, UGANDA - A new World Bank report on youth employment in Africa reveals that creating millions of productive, well-paying jobs will be vital to boost economic growth, reduce poverty, and create shared prosperity in Africa. 

Unemployment remains one of the disturbing problems facing Sub Saharan Africa whose population is now under the age of 25 and in need of economic liberation. 

A big portion of this youthful population are attaining formal education and an expected 11 million young Africans are expected to join the labor market every year for the next decade. 

The new report, Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa’  explains that 80 percent of the workforce will continue to work on small farms and in household businesses in the near future as formal jobs continue to eludes the young elites. 

While many African economies have registered impressive economic growth in recent years, poverty levels across the region have not fallen as much as expected and young people looking for better-paying work have been at a great disadvantage. 

This is partly because many African countries rely heavily on oil, gas, and mineral extraction which boosts economic growth but does little to create new jobs for the region’s fast-growing youth population or reduce overall rates of poverty.

Attracting investment into large enterprises that create wage jobs in the mainstream ‘formal’ economy is critical, but it is only part of the solution to Africa’s youth employment challenge,” said Makhtar Diop, World Bank Vice President for Africa. 

“For the millions of young people who are just surviving in the hidden ‘informal’ sector, they will need greater access to land, skills training, and credit to thrive. This will be a game-changer for small farmers and entrepreneurs who will prosper as African economies grow, in close cooperation with the private sector.”

Diop adds that making high-quality science and technology education more accessible to young people and shaping higher education courses to fit the skills needed by the modern jobs market was increasingly a high priority for many African countries. New development partners such as China, India, and Brazil are actively working with the World Bank to help develop these science and technology skills for Africa’s youth. 

The new report notes that manufacturing, services, and agriculture are traditionally labor-intensive sectors that can generate productive work for young people. 

As working population’s age in other parts of the world, young Africans could find their labor and skills increasingly in high demand internationally if their governments pursue policies that improve education and job training for their youth. 

For example, the report notes that young people who received cash grants from the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund to pay for their vocational training and assets needed to start a business later earned 41 percent more than others who did not receive this support. 

They earned more because nearly three-quarters of them took the opportunity to pay for training and enter a skilled trade. The program was particularly successful in helping young women to break free of poverty.

“Governments can approach the youth employment challenge in two important ways—by helping to improve the business environment to spark more private investment, and also by investing more in young people’s education and other skills to create brighter life prospects for them,” said Deon Filmer, Lead Economist at the World Bank and a co-author of the report.


By Baz Waiswa, Monday, February 03rd, 2014